LANDSCAPE & BIODIVERSITY
DO WE KNOW WHAT WE HAVE?
ARE WE TRULLY AWARE OF THAT?
ONE OF THE MOST BIODIVERSE COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
Broad height range (from sea level to 2864m) ensures a huge diversity of biological environments in a relatively small area, which is also reflected in the huge diversity of species. We are located in the “hot” belt od Europe, which spreads along the south edge of the Alps, consequently the number of species here is, relative to the small area size, among the largest in the Old continent.
The species diversity is still not fully known but they are assuming that 24.000 species of living creatures have been documented in Slovenia. Slovenia is home to some 3930 plant species ( 15.000 species of multi-cellular animals) and about 70 of them – many in the Alps – are endemits – unique to Slovenia or were first classified here.
ONE OF THE RICHIEST COUNTRIES IN THE TERMS OF WATER
Slovenia is a LAND OF WATER. In additon to 27.000 km of water courses and nomerous THERMAL SPRINGS (reaching the surface at 32 – 73 C – 15 great thermal SPA centers in the eastern Slovenia), 2 MINERAL SPRINGS also rise in Slovenia. And you can drink water right out the tap: it is among the cleanest in Europe. Water drainage is quite rich on the mainly mountanious surface, this is the reason why there are 300 permanent WATERFALLS, not to mention the one which appear during and after the rain period.. Thanks to the Karst type of terrain thera are unique INTERMITTENT WATERCOURSES and LAKES. Slovenia rivers have carved out deep, narrow gorges – experience of elemental nature.
THE THIRD MOST FORRESTED COUNTRY IN EUROPE
As much as 58 % of its surface is covered with green forests. And within that there is the magical KOČEVJE VIRGIN FOREST RESERVE (it was given protected status in the 19th centruy (pre – forest) ). The number of ecosystems in Slovenia is at least 2000 while EU Classification records merely 550 habitat types. The prevailing ecosystem is the forest and the most widespreed and frequent tree is European beech and in the lowlands is oak (quercus), hornbeam.