HISTORICAL & CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS

SLOVENIA  is  a  meeting poing  of  3  major European CULTURES

ROMANIC → the modern history of the country beginns with teh arrivall of the Romans, that means  ever  since  pax romana, when Romans prevailed in 1 century AD and later on 17th century where northern italian nobility setlled in these lands (and influence baroque style),  And of course SLAVIC CORE  (since the settlement int the 6TH and  9-10 CY A.D.) GERMANIC → when Slavic nobility head was cut of due to the wrong political aliances –  first Franks, then Bavarians and later Habsburgs prevailed in the region, politicaly and economically till 1918

à In 1335, 14 cty  when theHabsburgs took control  of inland Slovenia, the coastal towns had requested Venetian protection, and they remained under la serenissima until 1797, after which they, too, were taken by Austria

à there was exception of a brief period from 1809 – 1813 when it became part of Napoleon Illyrian Provinces( the only country outside France, which erected monument to Napoleon, there is no Habsburg square, but there is French revolution square…

LJUBLJANA, the capital,  represents  that fact from ARCHITECTURAL  point of view

One of the best preserved medieval baroque quarters in Central Europe (architects: Robba, Pozzo).  At the turn of the 20th century Ljubljana is faced with the new art style so-called Sezession (Secessionism, Art Noveau) which originated in Austro-German socio-cultural  zone. Thanks to Jože Plečnik’s achievements Ljubljana has become one of the most important urban works of art of the 20th century.